Biblical Foundations 2

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The Bible did not descend from heaven as a leather-bound book in King James English, nor did it come with a user’s guide. Rather, it is a multifaceted book with a complex history and it can be read and received in many different ways.

In this second Biblical Foundations course, we will explore where the Bible came from and how people read it. In other words, we will look behind the text (at its cultural contexts and compositional history), within the text (at its genres and literary characteristics), and in front of the text (at its readers and its reception in church and society).



  • Understand the process of textual transmission and the importance of textual criticism
  • Understand the complexities involved in Bible translation and the principles that underlie different modern translations
  • Know some of the archeological and socio-cultural history that is relevant to the Bible
  • Understand debates regarding historiography and the historicity of the Bible
  • Distinguish the major genres of the Bible and appreciate their distinctive social functions and literary conventions
  • Become familiar with introductory matters pertaining to the individual books of the Bible (i.e. date, provenance, authorship, etc.)
  • Understand debates regarding the compositional history of the biblical texts (e.g. documentary hypothesis, synoptic problem, etc.)
  • Know about the processes by which the biblical canon was formed
  • Become familiar with the different approaches to scripture that are characteristic of different Christian traditions
  • Understand the role of the reader(s) in the process of biblical interpretation


  • Experience how a hermeneutic of suspicion can actually lead to better listening
  • Gain greater self-awareness of themselves as readers of scripture
  • Develop an informed embrace of the Bible as both inspired and authoritative
  • Appreciate the importance of participating in critical and respectful discussions concerning biblical texts


  • Develop basic research skills, including the ability to locate useful resources and the wisdom to differentiate between reliable and unreliable resources
  • Read and respond to scholarly discussions regarding the Bible
  • Adopt clear (even if tentative) positions with respect to controversial issues and then articulate coherent arguments in support of those positions
  • Articulate a theological perspective on the Bible along with a practical explanation of how it should be handled by the church